Course Sequence & Catalog
For a student to receive a Preston High School diploma, she must complete three years of foreign language study. (Note: students who score 85 or higher on the Regents exam during their second year of language study may switch languages.)
|9th Grade||10th Grade||11th Grade||12th Grade|
Italian 4-College Advantage
Latin 4-with optional college credit for students promoted from Latin 2
Latin 4-for those who have completed Latin 3
Spanish Heritage 1
Spanish Heritage 2-FLACS
AP Spanish Literature
Italian Language Courses
1530 Italian 1
This course focuses on oral communication and basic grammar, which is mastered through oral communication. The Mastery learning instructional approach is utilized in this course. Basic phrases dealing with topics such as the weather, introductions, family life, geography, feelings, days, months, numbers, colors, and food are learned. Italian culture is also emphasized through project work. Reading comprehension of passages in the target language is introduced. Students are taught the present, past, and imperfect tenses of regular and irregular verbs.The class is conducted in both English and Italian. This course ends in a school examination.
2530 Italian 2
In this course, students continue with oral communication using the Mastery learning instructional approach. Grammar becomes more advanced as students learn the past, imperfect, and future tenses. Reading comprehension is further emphasized through dialogues and short passages in the target language. Written assignments also increase. The class is conducted primarily in Italian. This course culminates in a school examination. Students who have at least a1000 on the PSAT and 90% or above in Italian 2 may take the FLACS exam and later take Italian IV for 6 college credits their junior year if they score an 85% or above on the FLACS exam. Prerequisite: Successful completion of Italian I.
3540 Italian 3
This course emphasizes advanced grammar with a concentration on the conditional and subjunctive tenses. Students expand their vocabulary significantly through advanced reading and additional writing activities in preparation for the FLACS exam. The course is conducted in Italian. Students enrolled in this class must take the Italian FLACS Examination . Students in the Italian Honor Society must register for Italian IV. If the student has above a 1000 on the PSAT or SAT, the student is eligibile to take Italian IV for six college credits. Prerequisite: Successful completion of Italian I and Italian II.
4530-1 Italian 4
The college level course is divided into four quarters or two semesters. Students are taught advanced grammar and literature. The first quarter is a concentration on immigration. There is an oral exam project at the end of this quarter. The second quarter is regarding culinary experiences. The third quarter is the study of eight fairy tales using the remote past tenses. There is an oral exam in this quarter. The fourth quarter is the study of recent social issues ranging from safety for women, women in the workplace, the mafia, abortion, the death penalty, and women priests. There will be a midterm and final exam. To receive six college credits from SJU or SUNY Albany, the student must have a PSAT or SAT score of at least 1000 and a GPA of 85 or higher. Departmental approval is also necessary.
Latin Language Courses
1540 Latin 1 Honors
Latin 1 provides an introduction to the Latin language as well as to the culture, history, mythology, geography, and literature of the Romans and the ancient Greeks. Because the course is taught using a linguistic approach, students also acquire knowledge of English words derived from Latin and extensive grammatical terminology. Students therefore gain greater insight into the workings of the English language and acquire the necessary background to more quickly and easily learn any Indo-European language that they might later study, especially, but not limited to, Romance languages. The curriculum and instruction is targeted toward preparing students with the knowledge and study skills necessary to succeed in studying Latin at a college level. Indeed, Preston offers Latin 4 for college credit to those students who have completed Latin 2 and have been promoted to Latin 4, or to students who did not qualify for promotion from Latin 2, but who have completed Latin 3 as juniors. The textbook, Latin for a New Millennium, is specifically designed with the vocabulary and grammar most useful for reading Caesar’s De Bello Gallico, and Vergil’s Aeneid.
2550 Latin 2 Honors
In Latin 2 students continue to build their knowledge of the Latin language and the culture, history, mythology, geography, and literature of the Romans and the ancient Greeks. Students continue to acquire knowledge of English words derived from Latin and increase their knowledge of grammatical terminology. Students continue to gain greater insight into the workings of the English language and to acquire the necessary background to more quickly and easily learn any Indo-European language that they might later study, especially, but not limited to, Romance languages. Students continue acquiring the knowledge and study skills necessary to succeed in studying Latin at a college level. Those students who excel the most at Latin 2 will be promoted to Latin 4 as juniors. Those students who are not promoted to Latin 4 will be enrolled in Latin 3 as juniors. Students in Latin 2 continue using the textbook Latin for a New Millennium.
3540 Latin 3 Honors
In Latin 3 students continue learning material introduced in Latin 1 and Latin 2 and are presented with further material specifically designed to help them succeed in Latin 4, should they choose to enroll in it as seniors. The primary preparation for Latin 4 is through a series of readings from Fabulae Faciles which presents the myths of Perseus, Hercules, the Argonauts, and Odysseus by using vocabulary and grammar derived from the writings of Caesar and Vergil. Additionally, students are specifically prepared to take the CAWNY exam at the end of the year which mimics the defunct Comprehensive Latin Regents Examination. Students who successfully complete Latin 3 can take Latin 4 for college credit as seniors.
4540 Latin 4 Honors with Optional College Credit
Latin 4 is open to juniors who have been promoted from Latin 2 or to seniors who have successfully completed Latin 3. Because of an arrangement with St. John’s University’s College Advantage program, students have the option of taking the course for college credit and can receive up to 6 college credits if they take the course both semesters. In the first semester, students are introduced to authentic Latin prose by reading selections from Caesar’s De Bello Gallico. In the second semester, students are introduced to Latin poetry by reading selections from Vergil’s Aeneid.Spanish Language Courses
1510 Spanish 1
The primary objective of this course is to provide students with a first–hand foreign language experience on a practical level in a wide variety of authentic situations. Each situational topic (12 in total) stresses communication and comprehension skills. Extensive vocabulary and simple grammar structures are introduced and mastered throughout the year. The main focus of this course is to increase students' abilities to speak and comprehend Spanish in every day situations. This course culminates in a school examination.
1511 Heritage Language Spanish Course 1
For this ninth grade course, students are selected based on the results of their placement tests. The course is designed to provide bilingual students whose native language is Spanish with a well-structured curriculum that promotes and develops their existing functional proficiency in the language. All four-language skills will be developed and improved through the reading and discussion of authentic materials and literary texts (videos, poems, short stories, etc.). Issues of culture, language, and identity are equally addressed in all the thematic units. The course will also include a review of grammar and the development of conversational and writing skills. Writing journals, composing one-act plays, giving presentations, and completing portfolios are all parts of the curriculum. A final exam and/or project will be required. Prerequisite: To enroll in this course, a student must take a Spanish placement test and be interviewed by a Spanish instructor.
2510 Spanish 2
This course continues and further develops the principles established in the Spanish I course. While oral communication and reading comprehension skills are still strongly emphasized, more complex grammar structures and vocabulary are introduced so the students can express their feelings, opinions, concerns, and ideas about everyday situations. Students develop their writing skills through varied activities: composing letters, conducting interviews, writing reports and research papers based on use of the Internet. Students may also communicate with peers in partner classrooms in countries where Spanish is spoken. Appreciation of Hispanic culture and customs is encouraged and facilitated through the reading of short stories, legends, and authentic materials. This course culminates in a school examination. Prerequisite: To enroll in this course, a student must have successfully completed Spanish 1.
2515 Heritage Language Spanish Course 2
In the second year of the Heritage Language course sequence, students continue the trends established in Course 1, developing and improving all language skills through thematic units incorporating functions such as analyzing, imparting information, describing, etc. Literature studies are built, as much as possible, around the students’ cultural and ethnic identities, including readings that reflect students’ backgrounds and incorporating the study of folk music, history, geography, and culture of Hispanic countries. Students continue the study of grammatical structures at a more advanced level, paying attention to such linguistic phenomena as English interference, linguistic loans, etc. Writing skills are emphasized on a daily basis through journal entries, comments and reflections about current events, and also in students’ original work, poetry and short stories. Class is conducted entirely in Spanish. Course 2 of the Heritage Language course sequence ends with the Regents Exam.
3510 Spanish 3
In this class, while developing the four skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening, students will also gain knowledge and appreciation of Hispanic customs and the major contributions of Spain and Latin America to American and world culture. Appropriate grammar usage, as well as authentic materials such as tapes and films will be used to provide the students with practice in discussing the required topics in this communication–based class. This course culminates in a Regents examination. Prerequisite: To enroll in this course, a student must have successfully completed Spanish 1 & Spanish 2.
4510 Spanish 4
This college-level course requires students to apply the skills they have learned in a varied curriculum, including literature, composition-writing, and oral and written presentations. First semester focuses on Spanish conversations based on everyday topics and on contemporary readings. Grammar studies are post–Regent level. During the second semester, students read and discuss in Spanish representative Spanish and Spanish-American authors whose works are chosen to increase the student’s comprehension through an exchange of ideas between students and instructor. Upon successful completion of this course, qualified students may receive six college credits from St. John’s University. This class will end in a final exam and/or project. Prerequisite: To enroll in this advanced class, a student must have successfully completed Spanish 1, Spanish 2, and Spanish 3. To receive credit from SJU, the student must have a PSAT or SAT score of at least 1000 and a GPA of 85 or higher. Departmental approval is also necessary.
4540 Advanced Placement Spanish Language
The content of this course is largely determined by the AP Spanish Language Course Description. It covers the equivalent of a third-year college course in advanced Spanish writing and conversation. The class is conducted entirely in Spanish and is intended for students who have already learned the grammar and syntax of the language and have acquired strong skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish. Therefore, the curriculum of this course is designed to reinforce and sharpen these skills with the goal of achieving mastery. Students take the AP Spanish Language Examination in May. A final project and a final exam are expected to close the course after the AP examination is taken.
5540 Advanced Placement Spanish Literature
The AP Spanish Literature course is designed to provide students with a learning experience equivalent to that of a third-year college course in Peninsular and Latin American literature. The course is designed to introduce students to the formal study of a representative body of Peninsular and Latin American texts. So that the AP Spanish Literature course more closely approximates an introductory literature course typically taught at the college level, students are presented with a reading list that will introduce them to the diverse literature written in Spanish and thus helps them reflect on the many voices and cultures included in this very rich literature. Those students who perform satisfactorily on the AP Spanish Literature exam receive credit for a comparable college-level literature course.